In part one of this two-part podcast, HDIAC analyst Mara Kiernan interviews Dr. James Giordano, a Professor in the department of Neurology and Biochemistry at Georgetown University Medical Center. The discussion begins with Dr. Giordano defining neuroweapons and explaining their applied technologies. He provides insight into the manner in which international weapons conventions govern the use neuroweapons and discusses the threats presented by neuroweapons in today’s environment. Dr. Giordano goes on to review the need for continuous monitoring, including his views regarding challenges and potential solutions for effectively understanding global developments in neuroweapon technologies. In the second installment of this podcast, analyst Mara Kiernan continues the conversation with Dr. Giordano on the implications of weaponizing brain science. He concludes by describing ethical frameworks that could regulate future policies for biotechnology as the world moves forward in this dynamic area.