The Homeland Defense (HD) Digest is a curated bi-weekly news summary from worldwide sources, showing headlines of innovative, emerging technologies in HDIAC's eight focus areas.
New Portable DNA Sequencer Quickly and Accurately Diagnoses Wheat Viruses - American Phytopathological Society
Diagnosis of crop disease is crucial but traditional methods rely on the expertise of pathologists, who in turn rely on the physical appearance of disease symptoms, which can be similar to damage caused by other factors, such as nutrient deficiencies or environmental elements. Pathologists also experience difficulty detecting coinfections and pathogens that do not infect aerial parts of the plant.
UTSA Study Warns of Security Gaps in Smart Light Bulbs - University of Texas of San Antonio
Smart bulbs are expected to be a popular purchase this holiday season. But could lighting your home open up your personal information to hackers? Earlier this year Amazon's Echo made global headlines when it was reported that consumers' conversations were recorded and heard by thousands of employees.
A Possible Gut-Brain Connection to ‘Chemo Brain’ - Ohio State News
Scientists looking for evidence of the gut's involvement in cognitive and mood problems related to chemotherapy treatment are testing their theories with the help of an unsavory rodent habit: eating feces. Because chemotherapy is so hard on the digestive system, causing diarrhea, nausea and anorexia, Ohio State University researchers are exploring the gut's potential role in the "mental fog" phenomenon known as chemo brain.
Saurabh Chatterjee and Team Find Solution to Gulf War Illness in FDA-Approved Antiviral Drugs - University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health
A team of scientists led by environmental health sciences associate professor Saurabh Chatterjee has shown that adjusting GI tract viruses by repurposing existing FDA-approved antiviral drugs offers a route for effective treatment for Gulf War Illness and its myriad of symptoms.
Biological Material Boosts Solar Cell Performance - Penn State News
Next-generation solar cells that mimic photosynthesis with biological material may give new meaning to the term "green technology." Adding the protein bacteriorhodopsin (bR) to perovskite solar cells boosted the efficiency of the devices in a series of laboratory tests, according to an international team of researchers.
The Defense Threat Reduction Agency, or DTRA, is trying to get ahead of this problem by developing a predictive algorithm that knows whether a service member is falling ill-due to anything from a cold to exposure to biological weapons-up to 48 hours before they start to show any symptoms.
Mastercard Taps Biometrics and Behavioral Analytics in New Product Suite for Healthcare Partners - Biometric Update
The digital healthcare services market has a new major player, with Mastercard announcing the launch of an integrated product suite to give healthcare partners tools for efficient service delivery, fraud detection, and patient health data protection.
Stanford Study Casts Doubt on Carbon Capture - Stanford News
One proposed method for reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere - and reducing the risk of climate change - is to capture carbon from the air or prevent it from getting there in the first place. However, research from Mark Z. Jacobson at Stanford University, published in Energy and Environmental Science, suggests that carbon capture technologies can cause more harm than good.
Emerging Risk: Virtual Societal Warfare - Homeland Security Newswire
The evolution of advanced information environments is rapidly creating a new category of possible cyberaggression which involves efforts to manipulate or disrupt the information foundations of the effective functioning of economic and social systems. Researchers are calling this growing threat "virtual societal warfare."
By Targeting Flu-Enabling Protein, Newly Discovered Antibody May Protect Against Wide-Ranging Strains - Scripps Research
A nationwide team of researchers has found an antibody that protects mice against a wide range of potentially lethal influenza viruses, advancing efforts to design of a universal vaccine that could either treat or protect people against all strains of the virus.
Advance in search for new Clostridioides difficile vaccine - University of Exeter
Scientists have made a breakthrough in the hunt for a new vaccine for killer hospital bug Clostridioides difficile (C. diff). University of Exeter researchers first identified a gene in C. diff responsible for producing a protein that aids in binding the bacteria to the gut of its victims.
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