The Homeland Defense (HD) Digest is a curated bi-weekly news summary from worldwide sources, showing headlines of innovative, emerging technologies in HDIAC's eight focus areas.
Infectious Disease State of the Art Report Released: “Countermeasures Against the Degradation of Warfighter Capabilities due to Infectious Disease Threats.” - HDIAC.org
This State of the Art Report (SOAR) explores the impact of infectious disease on military personnel, providing both an historical and ongoing risk profile of the various infectious diseases that put the warfighter at risk. It includes a look at the historical impact of infectious diseases on past conflicts before going on to detail current and future infectious disease risks, their impact on the warfighter, and challenges in prevention or treatment, and concludes with a quick-look summary of state of the art developments and recommended countermeasures to aid leaders during training and planning.
In this video podcast, HDIAC analyst Tara Barsotti interviews Monte Hawkins, Director of the National Vetting Center (NVC), in a conversation that overviews the NVC's origins, mission, and operations. The interview touches on NVC's role in the watchlisting process, the future of border security, and the importance of information sharing in protecting the homeland.
In this video podcast, CWO3, US Marine Corps (Retired) Kerry O'Connell interviews George Baade, Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT) Specialist with the Fire Department New York (FDNY). The conversation centers on radiation detection and response in New York City (NYC), with a spotlight on the types of HAZMAT threats that the FDNY most commonly responds to, some of the challenges of HAZMAT response in NYC, and the tools and technologies most useful to FDNY HAZMAT Specialists.
The Supply Chain Task Force continues executing a strategy maximizing the availability of critical protective and lifesaving resources through FEMA for a whole-of-America response. Efforts to date have focused on reducing the medical supply chain capacity gap to both satisfy and relieve demand pressure on medical supply capacity. The task force is applying a four-prong approach of Preservation, Acceleration, Expansion and Allocation to rapidly increase supply today and expand domestic production of critical resources to increase supply long-term.
German authorities say police have arrested four suspected members of the Islamic State group alleged to be planning an attack on American military facilities.
Earliest Humans in the Amazon Created Thousands of ‘Forest Islands’ as They Tamed Wild Plants - Science Daily
The earliest human inhabitants of the Amazon created thousands of artificial forest islands as they tamed wild plants to grow food, a new study shows.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update: FDA Issues Emergency Use Authorization to Decontaminate Millions of N95 Respirators - FDA.gov
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued an emergency use authorization (EUA) that has the potential to decontaminate approximately 4 million N95 or N95-equivalent respirators per day in the U.S. for reuse by health care workers in hospital settings.
Harnessing the Power of Electricity-Producing Bacteria for Programmable ‘Biohybrids’ - Science Daily
Someday, microbial cyborgs bacteria combined with electronic devices could be useful in fuel cells, biosensors and bioreactors. But first, scientists need to develop materials that not only nurture the microbes, but also efficiently and controllably harvest the electricity or other resources they make. Now, researchers have developed one such material that enabled them to create a programmable 'biohybrid' system that conducts electrons from electricity-producing (exoelectrogenic) bacteria.
Floating Wind Turbines on the Rise - Homeland Security
Over 26,000 megawatts (MW) of planned offshore wind capacity exists in the offshore wind development pipeline. Rapidly falling technology costs for offshore wind, including floating offshore wind technology, have aided the growth of this pipeline and promise to help wind become a significant part of the power mix in coastal communities.
The system collects data from hospitals, local public health departments, pharmacies and more to give researchers and officials a view of how diseases spread across the country.
Solving the Ventilator Shortage with Windshield Wiper Parts - Homeland Security
Hospitals across Texas had an estimated 3,730 ventilators in 2009 during the H1N1 pandemic, according to research published in 2017. That supply is enough to handle patient needs during mild to moderate pandemic scenarios. However, during a more severe scenario, statewide projected demand would top 10,000 ventilators, the research found, far exceeding 2009 resources. Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin are building a new type of ventilator made of cheap, widely available materials to help fill the demand created by the spread of COVID-19 for these critical devices that help patients breathe.
Biometrics Could Help Identify Those with Antibodies and Needing Vaccines as Coronavirus Lockdowns Lift - BiometricUpdate
Biometric identification could provide an invaluable tool for countries lifting coronavirus lockdowns, and in ensuring an eventual vaccine reaches vulnerable people, experts have told Reuters.
The Final Report of the National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service - Inspired to Serve
Congress and the President established the National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017. The Commission has two primary statutory charges: (1) to "conduct a review of the military selective service process" and (2) to "consider methods to increase participation in military, national, and public service in order to address national security and other public service needs of the Nation." With 11 Commissioners appointed by the President and bipartisan congressional leadership, this Commission represents the first time in history that the U.S. Government has sought a comprehensive and holistic review of all forms of service to the Nation.
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