HDIAC Journal Archive

The HDIAC Journal is a quarterly publication featuring articles by researchers, Subject Matter Experts and other leaders in HDIAC's focus areas.

If you are interested in contributing to the HDIAC Journal, please register to become an HDIAC SME, review the HDIAC Publications Guidlelines, and contact publications at publications@hdiac.org.


Volume 5, Issue 1

This issue of the HDIAC Journal provides readers insight on seven of HDIAC's eight focus areas. First, the Alternative Energy article discusses a gasification system that can be used on military installations. Next, the Biometrics article looks at the use of "super-recognizers" in security contexts. The Homeland Defense and Security article focuses on a novel "nose" used to detect advanced threats. The CBRN Defense article discusses flexible, wireless sensors. The Critical Infrastructure Protection article focuses on agroterrorism and mitigation strategies. The first Medical article centers on bio-fidelity for skin burns. The second Medical article discusses shape memory alloys in exoskeletons. Finally, the Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) article is the first of a th...

Volume 4, Issue 4

This issue of the HDIAC Journal provides readers insight on four of HDIAC's eight focus areas, with multiple articles in Homeland Defense and Security (HDS) and Medical. First, the Alternative Energy article discusses applications of algal biofuel for defense purposes. Next, the Critical Infrastructure Protection article looks at energy resilience in the wake of three significant hurricanes that struck the United States in 2017. The first HDS article focuses on applications of 3-D printed active composite materials. The second HDS article discusses assault ladders and composite structures used to improve them. The first Medical article centers on aerosol-based drug delivery. Finally, the second Medical article discusses exoskeletons for military use.

Volume 4, Issue 3

This issue of the HDIAC Journal provides readers insight on five of HDIAC's eight focus areas. First, the Alternative Energy article discusses conformal, wearable batteries that power warfighter equipment. Next, the CBRN Defense article provides insight on the threats of ammonia and chloride. The Critical Infrastructure Protection article focuses on the Internet of Things and cyber-physical systems. The Homeland Defense article discusses Red Teaming and Disruptive Innovation. Finally, the Medical article centers on 3-D printed bodies on chips for military applications.

Volume 4, Issue 2

This issue of the HDIAC Journal provides readers insight on four of HDIAC's eight focus areas. First, the Alternative Energy article discusses DoD applications of wearable thermoelectric generators powered by body heat. Next, in Biometrics, readers will learn about creating facial renderings from DNA samples. The Medical article outlines methods to improve warfighter cognitive performance. In WMD, we review nanotechnology's potential role in a new arms race. The final article, also in WMD, outlines how the Global Navigation Satellite System could be used to detect large-scale explosions.

Volume 4, Issue 1

This issue of the HDIAC Journal provides readers insight on five of HDIAC's eight focus areas. First, the alternative energy article discusses the need for alternatives to petroleum-based fuels to reduce the DoD's petroleum consumption. Then, in CBRN, readers will learn about laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy's use in detecting and identifying contaminated material. In CIP, emerging smarter camera solutions are offering a range of strategic and tactical benefits. Within HDS, articles look at responding to emergencies that create a continuous hazard to responders as well as the risks and impacts of emerging technologies. And, finally, in the medical field, researchers are working on developing therapeutics against viral infections caused by bioterror pathogens as well as new approache...

Special Nanotechnology, Issue

Nanotechnology research within the DoD is slowly transitioning from basic to applied, and as this happens, more attention is being paid to how nanotechnology will benefit the individual warfighter and how to overcome challenges for implementing these technologies, such as facilitating technology transfer and minimizing environmental impacts. The articles presented in this special issue not only exhibit applications of nanotechnology in the HDIAC's focus areas, but they also reveal the reach that nanotechnology has on so many aspects of science, technology, engineering and society.

Volume 3, Issue 4

This issue of the HDIAC Journal touches on seven of HDIAC's focus areas. In alternative energy and biometrics, articles look at new ways to power individual warfighter and explores video analytics. Then, in CBRN and critical infrastructure protection, authors discuss how to engage neuroscience in defense operations and securing and defending the U.S. food infrastructure. Next, in homeland defense and security, scientists are trying to reduce the battery costs of battlefield situational awareness. On the medical front, scientists are researching treatments for MRSA as well as how sleep impacts performance and post traumatic stress disorder. Finally, the article in the weapons of mass destruction focus area discusses nuclear weapons effects predictions for ground shock and target response...

Volume 3, Issue 3

This issue of the HDIAC Journal touches on most of HDIAC's eight focus areas. The first of four articles looks at utilizing nanomaterials in electrical energy storage applications, while the second alternative energy article focuses on portable wind power. The third article discusses biometric advances in smart gun technology and the final article helps readers understand the effects of enhanced radiation weapons or salted devices. In addition, this issue of the Journal contains three Innovation Highlights in the CBRN, homeland defense and medical focus areas. 

Volume 3, Issue 2

This issue of the HDIAC Journal hits each of our eight focus areas. The first of four articles looks at the potential for partial hybridization of military power applications. The next article proposes a biometric smartphone application to use in disaster situations. Then, one author discusses the psychology behind ISIL's use of graphic images in the media. The final article explores the applications of nanotechnology in military medicine. In addition, the Journal contains four Innovation Highlights containing novel research and developments.

Volume 3, Issue 1

This issue of the HDIAC Journal looks at how Special Operations Forces use the latest technological innovations to increase warfighter effectiveness. Then the Journal explores research to mitigate and decontaminate urban, wide-area radiological contamination. Next, researchers discuss poor performance in unfamiliar face recognition. In addition, scientists look at social media's impact on operations in megacities. Finally, the Journal features a hemostatic foam with potential to increase successful treatment and transport of soldiers injured on the battlefield. This issue also highlights three of HDIAC's technical inquiries. HDIAC received a questions relating to water purification methods to support deployed troops; safety culture assessments and incident rates in the U.S. pipeline ind...

Volume 2, Issue 4

The Journal of the Homeland Defense and Security Information Analysis Center (HDIAC) is published quarterly by the HDIAC staff. HDIAC is a DoD sponsored Information Analysis Center (IAC) with policy oversight provided by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering (ASD (R&E)), and administratively managed by the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC). HDIAC is operated by Information International Associates (IIa) in Oak Ridge, Tenn. Reference herein to any specific commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the United States Government or HDIAC. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily stat...

Volume 2, Issue 3

In an ever changing, technologically advancing world, we as a country and defense community are consistently aiming to remain ahead of our adversaries. HDIAC's eight focus areas cover the depth and breadth of some of the most challenging areas across the globe. As a Department of Defense Information Analysis Center, we are equally as excited to be an active part of the innovation solution. HDIAC leverages every tool at its disposal, including our Subject Matter Expert Network; information resources; the latest in science and technology; and research and development advancements from academia, industry and other government agencies to further the goals of the DoD. The HDIAC Journal provides us the opportunity to highlight these various components of our Center as well as R&D, S&T...

Volume 2, Issue 2

In the second issue of Volume 2 of the HDIAC Journal, we look at how advances in medical, alternative energy and homeland defense and security technologies can assist the Department of Defense. First, we review how advancements in harnessing power from the sea can benefit the DoD in developing further alternative energy sources. We also see how scientists are working to make battlefield MRI a reality for warfighters, which could be instrumental in providing medical diagnostics to soldiers.

Volume 2, Issue 1

In the first issue of Volume 2 of the HDIAC Journal, we explore how advancements and knowledge in alternative energy, biometrics, CBRN defense and weapons of mass destruction can assist the Department of Defense. First, we look at advancements in solar power and how utilizing this source will be instrumental for the DoD to procure more secure and independent energy. Next, we turn to Europe, and examine how using biometrics for any DoD operations in the European Union will be subject to EU privacy laws. Then we discuss how a collaborative approach can be used to respond more effectively to CBRN terrorism events. Finally, new technologic capabilities allow Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems to locate WMDs, from a distance and in real-time. These systems are able to detect, identify and repor...

Volume 1, Issue 3

In this issue of the HDIAC Journal, we will address the critical components of emergency preparedness from both Weapons of Mass Destruction and Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Defense angles. Additionally, as the U.S. continues to address shortfalls through technological advances, in an attempt to bolster our nation's border security, biometrics will play a key role in the implementation, management, and enforcement of immigration policies. Lastly, the U.S.'s electrical infrastructure has remained largely unchanged for the last century. However, to meet the growing energy needs in the coming decades and incorporate alternative energy solutions, microgrids are proving to be economically feasible and provide the country with a viable architecture.

Volume 1, Issue 4

In the final issue of Volume 1 of the HDIAC Journal, we will examine key elements of homeland defense, as it relates to security, critical infrastructure, medical and cultural studies. The first article details advances in trace detection of explosives. As new and previously undetectable explosives are more readily accessible, the U.S. must understand the necessity for increasing security at airports and other entry points to identify these evolving threats. In the second article, we outline and discuss the role of the DoD in the critical infrastructure protection of the Defense Industrial Base. The medical article summarizes the current Ebola outbreak and presents an analysis performed by Ascel Bio regarding key developments. Lastly, we provide a discussion from the first-person perspe...

Volume 1, Issue 2

The Journal of the Homeland Defense and Security Information Analysis Center (HDIAC) is published quarterly by the HDIAC staff. The HDIAC is a DOD sponsored Information Analysis Center (IAC), with policy oversight provided by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering (ASD(R&E)), and administratively managed by the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC). The HDIAC is operated by Information International Associates (IIA) in Oak Ridge, TN.

Volume 1, Issue 1

This issue of The HDIAC Journa lprovides articles on the technologies used to support homeland defense efforts. These articles were developed by SMEs from within the HDIAC community of practice. We hope this journal will start the dialogue for more interactive discussions throughout our professional community.