Nicholas A. Kotov, Ph.D., is working on conceptual foundations and technical realizations of biomimetic nanostructures. Examples of biomimetic nanostructures associated with his works include graphite oxide,- graphene- and clay-based layered biomimetic nanocomposites, chiral nanomaterials, and omni dispersible colloids. His contributions to technology include ultra-strong nacre-mimetic nanocomposites, soft neuro-prosthetic implants, 3D tissue replicas for drug-testing, chiral biosensors, and cartilage-like electrolytes for batteries. Prof. Kotov is a founder of several start-up companies that commercialized bioinspired nanomaterials for biomedical, energy, and automotive technologies.
The authors discuss the concept of and research into structural batteries, i.e. batteries that can serve two purposes at once: store energy needed by a system for operation and carry the structural load of the system that they are a part of.